Whenever the topic of diamond pricing is brought up, the name Martin Rapaport is immediately going to ring a bell. He is one of the world’s most renowned diamondtaire and is responsible for the industry price list that jewelers around the world follow, the Rapaport Diamond Report.
The Rap report is a weekly diamond price list that professionals use.
Martin Rapaport was born and raised in an intellectual family. He started his career as an apprentice diamond cleaver and worked his way up in the industry. His career path took a change after he created RapNet – The Rapaport Network.
But what led to the wide-spread acceptance of the Rap report instead of any other diamond price lists created by other organizations? Well, there’s quite an interesting history which I would briefly get into.
Diamonds have become rather ubiquitous nowadays and they have become equal members of our globalized democracy. Today, diamonds are accessible to anyone who can afford them.
However, it wasn’t always like this in the past. Back then, your access to certain goods was strongly related to your social status. Even if you had the money, you couldn’t buy diamonds unless you came from an upper “social class” or had certain privileges.
Once the global market started to democratize, the pricing strategies which were initially relevant only to insiders soon became deprecated and chaos ensued in the market. In the 1970s, price manipulation and speculation in the market was rife.
Diamond prices experienced wild fluctuations and an industry standard price guide was urgently needed to stabilize the market. By funding the Rapaport Group in 1976 and creating the world’s first electronic diamond trading network, Martin Rapaport managed to standardize the pricing schemes for diamonds through the publication of the Rapaport Diamond Report.
Since then, the Rapaport Group has become the most reliable source of diamond price listings and even grown to be one of the largest trading networks.
The Rapaport Report proposes certain target prices for different sizes, qualities and shapes of diamonds. Thus, it connects the main characteristics of the “four C’s” with an additional “fifth C”, which is cost.
Like any other resources, the prices of diamonds can fluctuate from time to time in the world market. By delivering weekly reports on the changes in market movement, the business community can stay in touch and be updated on the latest prices instantly.
Today, Martin is considered one of the most authoritative people in the diamond industry. He influences the global market and is the reason why diamonds with similar attributes cost the same in, say, Korea and the United States.
Access to the price sheet is via paid subscription only. At the point of writing this article, the subscription fees for a monthly report is $180/year and it costs $250/year for a weekly report to be delivered via email.
So, that’s briefly the background behind the Rapaport Report. Now that we had talked about the origins behind the price list, I’m sure the following question would be on your mind: “How useful is it for me?”. As a consumer, how can you utilize the Rapaport report?
Let me guess. The reason you are reading this article is that you’ve heard a jewelry salesperson quoting the Rapaport report in a sales pitch. You are probably doing your research on the usefulness of the Rap report and don’t want to overpay for your diamond purchase.
Before we delve deeper, there are 2 things you need to be aware of…
First of all, the Rapaport report or RAP sheet is a theoretical system of estimating diamond prices in business transactions. The prices shown on the RAP sheet are intended for use as a guideline only.
Even the Rapaport sheet has a prominent disclaimer noted at the footer of the price list and I quote: “Prices in this report reflect our opinion of HIGH CASH NEW YORK ASKING PRICES. These prices may be substantially higher than actual transaction prices. No guarantees are made and no liabilities are assumed as to the accuracy of the information in this report.”
Identifying the price-per-carat for an H color VS1 clarity 0.60 carat round cut.
Secondly, the primary usage of the Rapaport report is for jewelers and professionals to gauge and price their inventory. In a retail setting, it isn’t common for the Rap sheet to be shown to the consumer.
But when a salesperson does use it in a marketing pitch, you can almost be sure that they are trying to overcharge you by using the Rap report as a justification for the prices they are asking for.
Rapaport publishes charts for the following shapes: Rounds, Marquises And Pears. The price charts for round and marquise cut diamonds are to be used as standalones. On the other hand, the price chart for the pear cut is used as a pricing basis for all other types of fancy shapes.
Demand and supply will be huge deciding factors to determine whether the asking price would be below or above the “Rap price”. Depending on other factors such as the diamond’s make, a seller may trade the diamond at a price that is 30% off Rap prices or even charge a premium of 5% on top of the Rap price.
Learning to calculate the price of a diamond using the Rap report isn’t difficult. What most consumers fail to understand is that the listed prices on the Rap sheet aren’t sufficient for the layman to correctly price a diamond.
As mentioned earlier, the figures you see in the price list are calculated based on a high asking price and reflects prices for well-cut and properly finished qualities. Diamonds that detract from ideally cut proportions or have significant issues in their finish generally trade at huge discounts to the Rapaport asking prices.
If you are observant, you probably noticed that there isn’t any columns or rows stipulated for diamonds with fluorescence in the Rapaport report. This is another “hidden factor” that isn’t made explicit. Generally speaking, diamonds with strong or very strong fluorescence get discounted with a 10-15% rate.
On top of that, it is almost impossible for a consumer to determine whether a diamond was placed on a memo and brought in specifically for a prospective purchase. The stuff that goes on behind the scenes go even further and I’m just going to list a couple of examples why the Rap price might not be necessarily accurate.
For example, if the store made bulk purchases from a particular supplier, they would enjoy significantly lower prices. On the other hand, if the store took out a massive loan from the bank to bring in the diamonds, you can expect the costs to be factored into the end prices.
While it is common for diamonds to be traded at discounts within most categories shown in the price list, dealers and wholesalers in the industry follow their own “set of rules” for certain categories of diamonds. For example, round super ideal cut diamonds with D color and Flawless clarity would almost certainly sell at premiums with 10-20% more than the stated price-per-carat value.
Without experience in the industry, these are subtle, yet important details that a general consumer would not know about.
Do you really need access to the Rapaport report?
As a consumer, paying for a subscription to the Rapaport Report doesn’t make economic sense if you are only making a one-off purchase for an engagement ring. And as I said earlier, the Rap report has limited uses for a consumer.
Even if you wanted to use it as a reference (despite knowing how useless it is for diamond ring shoppers), it would be better to make a request with the jeweler you are working with and get them to show you the Rap sheet. Chances are, they are probably subscribed to the Rap report and would be willing to show you some details.
I had built up vast experiences of visiting jewelry stores and frequently encounter salespeople who use misleading tactics. The most crafty pitch I came across happened when the jeweler whipped out the Rapaport report and showed me the price-per-carat value of the ring I was looking at.
He continued: “The wholesale price for this diamond is $15,400 and our prices only reflect a mere 10% markup at $17,000.” To the layman, it might sound like a great deal. But you know what? The cut of the diamond was only graded as Very Good and it was way overpriced.
If something similar happens to you in the store, leave and take your business elsewhere. These jewelers are basically preying on uneducated consumers and sadly, many people do fall for such tricks.
When it comes to diamonds, you shouldn’t expect offers like “20% off this Friday” – leave that to blue suede shoes and teddy bears. Bear in mind that it is normal for distributors to offer different prices because of different business costs and markups. However, if you come across deals where the prices are “too low” or too good to be true, you better be wary. Chances are, there’s a catch somewhere.
If you are on a tight budget and this is the reason why you are so interested in pricing, you might want to check out a list of online jewelry distributors I highly recommend.
Not only can you get higher quality diamonds, you will also get to enjoy better prices as they do not have huge overhead expenses like showroom rental fees.